Sizes and Types of Beads

Beads come in a wide range of sizes, shapes, and finishes- 'Ihe possibilities lor more variety in beads has grown with each new technique in the manufacturing and finishing process. Although Ihere are generally accepted names of finishes, sizes, and types of beads, there are also subtle variations depending on which manufacturer, retailer, or header was consulted. I he following is a basic description of the sizes, types, and finishes of beads.

Seed beads are round doughnut-shaped beads that range in size from the tiny size 24J, not much bigger than a grain of ssnd. through size 6", a little larger than the size of a peppercorn. Seed beads smaller than size If)3 have not been made since the 1890's and are antiques. Size 5" and sometimes size 6a beads arc-referred to as "pony beads" rather than seed beads. Trade beads or size r beads are the next larger siz.e bead. Hie largest is called a crow bead. The actual size of a bead varies somewhat within a category, and beads made by different manufacturers can vary as much as a whole bead size.

The thin-walied Japanese iubu/ar beads are called Delicas or Antiques. I hey come in size 11c (close to a size 13ft or 14* in seed beads) and in a 3.3mm size (similar to a size 8' in seed beads). All projects in this book calling for Japanese tubular beads refer to the size 11° bead. These beads, with their large holes and uniform shape, fit together like bricks, making them ideal for peyote and brick stitch projects.

faceted bends are finished beads that have been ground to a Hal surface on one or more sides. Seed beads with one facet ground into the side are callcd charlottes, Two cuts look like short faceted bugle beads. Thive<vts are beads with random cuts all over. Cylindrical Japanese beads made from a six-sided cane of glass are called hex-cuts. Austrian Swutvvski crystals are beads made from high-quality leaded glass and cut with precise facets like precious stones.

Bugle bends are longer slices of the same glass canes used for seed and Deliea type beads. They can be 7a inch or longer. Twisted bugle-beads are cut from five- or six -sided canes of glass that have been twisted while Ihe glass was hot.

I here are many other shapes of beads to use for accents and details in beadvvork. Drop bends can look like a teardrop, or have a molded or pressed shape. They can have the hole drilled through the side at the small end of the bead or drilled vertically through the center. Pressed glass beads can be made into nearly any shape—from teardrops to flowers and leaves. Bi-cone beads look like two rounded cone shapes joined together at the wide end of the cone.

Lamp work beads were named because of the smaller torch used in their manufacturing, compared with the huge furnaces used for glass-blowing large items, such as plates

Bead sizes (left to njht)9mm (crow l*ad). 7mm (trade bead). S'(pony bead).6". 8 .9'. 10*. 11*, 12*. 13'. IS*, I8\ 19*. 20'. 22'.

Bead sizes (left to njht)9mm (crow l*ad). 7mm (trade bead). S'(pony bead).6". 8 .9'. 10*. 11*, 12*. 13'. IS*, I8\ 19*. 20'. 22'.

Tubular Beading Types

Bead types (clockwise from the dirk blue on the cop): Sae 13" charlotte. blue iris finish: Size 11' opaque medium t&e. pearl Kmer; 3.3mm Deka transparent, silver. AB finish: Size II* Delxa opaque, matte bSue. AB finish; Hex-cut opaque paie blue, glossy fintjticSquare cut. blue ins finish. Size II" three-cut raspberry, luster fmish; Two-cut pate blue, satin finish Center. 2mm bugle, blue iris; 4mm bugle, matte blue AB finish. 12mm bug!«, metallic pate blue

Bead finishes (clockwise from the cop): Sac 8'' transparent light blue, lighc blue lined.AB finish: Size 13" blue opaque matte; S<ze 13* bVie opaque glossy; 11 * blue opaque petf luster; Size 12* blue white heart Sae 12* blue jrcasy; Size 11 * transparent light Wue.dark blue lined: Sue 11* transparent paie blue. AB finish Center: Sue 11' rocallle. blue, silvcr-laied. square hole. AB finish.

Bead types (clockwise from the dirk blue on the cop): Sae 13" charlotte. blue iris finish: Size 11' opaque medium t&e. pearl Kmer; 3.3mm Deka transparent, silver. AB finish: Size II* Delxa opaque, matte bSue. AB finish; Hex-cut opaque paie blue, glossy fintjticSquare cut. blue ins finish. Size II" three-cut raspberry, luster fmish; Two-cut pate blue, satin finish Center. 2mm bugle, blue iris; 4mm bugle, matte blue AB finish. 12mm bug!«, metallic pate blue

Bead finishes (clockwise from the cop): Sac 8'' transparent light blue, lighc blue lined.AB finish: Size 13" blue opaque matte; S<ze 13* bVie opaque glossy; 11 * blue opaque petf luster; Size 12* blue white heart Sae 12* blue jrcasy; Size 11 * transparent light Wue.dark blue lined: Sue 11* transparent paie blue. AB finish Center: Sue 11' rocallle. blue, silvcr-laied. square hole. AB finish.

Bead finishes (clockwise from the top): Sue 11' green metallic; Size 11' transparent amber, grew lined: Size 11' rocaifle, aqua, sihtr-lmed. square hole; Sae 11 * light aqua, vflver-lined. round hole; Size 114 transparent turquoise, glossy. AB finish; Size 11 * transparent turquoise, matte,A8 finish;Size II' transparent turquoise, matte: Sue II' transparent turquoise,shiny.Center: Size 11! bkie iris

8e.id finishes (clockwise from the top): Size 8'' transparent l#it blue, light blue lined. AB finish: Size 13' blue opaque matte; Size 13: btue opaque glossy. 11* blue opaque peirl luster; Sae 12* bhie white hearc Size 12' blue greasy: Sac 11" transparent light bkie, dart: blue lined Size 11' transparent paie blue. AB finish. Center: Site 11 * rocaille. blue, jllver-facd. square hole. AB finish.

Bead finishes (clockwise from the top): Sue 11' green metallic; Size 11' transparent amber, grew lined: Size 11' rocaifle, aqua, sihtr-lmed. square hole; Sae 11 * light aqua, vflver-lined. round hole; Size 114 transparent turquoise, glossy. AB finish; Size 11 * transparent turquoise, matte,A8 finish;Size II' transparent turquoise, matte: Sue II' transparent turquoise,shiny.Center: Size 11! bkie iris

8e.id finishes (clockwise from the top): Size 8'' transparent l#it blue, light blue lined. AB finish: Size 13' blue opaque matte; Size 13: btue opaque glossy. 11* blue opaque peirl luster; Sae 12* bhie white hearc Size 12' blue greasy: Sac 11" transparent light bkie, dart: blue lined Size 11' transparent paie blue. AB finish. Center: Site 11 * rocaille. blue, jllver-facd. square hole. AB finish.

and glasses. Lampwork beads are made individually by melting the end of a glass rod onlo a wire. Beads can be made uniform, after years of practice, or as individual art pieces and miniature sculptures.

Ï Tie'glass used to make a bead can be transparent, opaque, or a shade in between. The terms greasy.

op,jI. and satin refer to various properties of beads somewhere between transparent and opaque. Creasy bends are made of a cloudy looking glass that is neither transparent nor opaque. Opal beads are similar to greasy beads though a little more transparent. Satin beads have tiny bubbles pulled into the glass to give it a directional sheen. White heart beads are made from white canes with a thin coating of colored glass (made originally to conserve the costly colored glass) and look similar to greasy beads from the side.

A finished bead, in any of the glass types, can be dyed or painted to achieve the desired color The hole-in the bead can be lined with silver or another color, and can be square or round A square hole gives lined beads with transparent or translucent glass more of a shimmer. Silver lined beads are sometimes called Rocaille beads (pronounced row kie. as in pie).

I he surface of a bead can be shiny, matte or semi gloss. I he bead can have hoi metal salts baked on the surface to achieve a rainbow iridescence These are called aurora bore-ahs, AB. rainbow, or in* beads. Iris beads are usually opaque black or very dark opaque beads with the metal salts coating A luster finish is u clear or transparent colored coating that gives the bead .-. clear or transparent colored shine. Beads with a pearlescent ;ook usually have a milky luster, and have peari or Ceylon in their name. Gu.vanjzed beads have a thin metal coating electroplated to the surface of the bead Metallic beads usually refer to any bead with a metallic look, which can either have a baked-on paint or be galvanized.

Finishes such as painted metallics. d>ed beads, some pearlescent finishes and bead hole linings, are sometimes easily worn off with wear. Testing a sample of beads by soaking them in bleach or alcohol can help determine if the color or finish will likely last Spraying the beads with a dear acrylic finish can help make these beads more durable.

A bead can have a different visual effect, depending on the type of glass used in its making, any facets ground into its surface, and the type of finish applied to its surface or hole. Combinations of these properties give us the great variety of bead choices in our projects.

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Antique Collecting

Antique Collecting

ABOUT fifty years ago, when the subject of English furniture first began to be studied and to be written about, it was divided conveniently into four distinct types. One writer called his books on the subject The Age of Oak, The Age of Walnut, The Age of Mahogany and The Age of Satinwood. It is not really quite as simple as that, for each of the so-called Ages overlaps the others and it is quite impossible to lagt down strict dates as to when any one timber was introduced or when it finally, if ever, went out of favour.

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