Terminology

• Rough Rock, stone, or gem that is raw, uncut, and unpolished

• Slab Large slice of rough rock

• Cabochon (cab) Stone that is cut and polished into a smooth dome; base can be any shape

• Preform Basic outline of a cabochon; cut from a slab

® Lap Both an abrasive lapidary disk and the verb for shaping a stone

• Dop stick Dowel or rod that holds stone during lapping and polishing

• Dopping wax Hard wax that holds stone on a dop stick

• Dop pot Electric container that warms dopping wax

• Lapidary polish A type of fine abrasive used with a felt or leather polishing wheel or lap to bring out the final shine on a stone; examples include cerium oxide and tin oxide

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