Thread And Knots

Adding thread

To add a thread, sew into the headwork several rows prior to the point where the last head was added. Sew through the headwork, following the thread path of the stitch, lie a few half-hitch knots (sec I lalf-hirch knot) between beads, and exit where the last stitch ended.

Conditioning thread

Use either beeswax or microcrystalline wax (not candle wax or paraffin) or Thread Heaven to condition nylon thread. Wax smooths the nylon fibers and adds tackiness that will stiffen your headwork slightly. Thread Heaven adds a static charge that causes the thread to repel itself, so don't use it with doubled thread. Stretch the thread, then pull it through the conditioner.

Square knot

(1) Cross the left-hand end of the thread over the right, and bring it under and back up.

[2] Cross the end that is now on the right over the left, go through the loop, and pull both ends to tighten.

Stop bead

Use a stop bead to secure t&J " beads temporarily when you begin stitching. Choose a bead that is distinctly different from the beads in your project. String the stop bead, and sew through ir again in the same direction. If desired, sew through it one more time for added security.

Ending thread

To end a thread, weave back into the beadwork, following the existing thread parh and tying two or three half-hitch knots (see Half-hitch knot) between beads as you go. Change directions as you weave so the thread crosses itself. Sew through a few beads after the last knot, and trim the thread.

Half-hitch knot

Pass the needle under the thread between two beads. A loop will form as you pull the thread through. Cross back over rhe thread l>etween the beads, sew through the loop, and pull gently to draw the knot into the beadwork.

Overhand knot

Make a loop with the thread. Pull the tail through the loop, and tighten.

Surgeon's knot

[1] Cross the left-hand end of the thread over the right twice. Pull to tighten.

[2] Cross the end that is now on the right over the left, go through rhe loop, and tighten.

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