Acid

Thr purpose of antiquing or darkening Indian silver jewelry fs to create a control between the mcised design and the polished surface. Hil-oii is an antiquing or darkening fluid. It works very quickly, keeps well, should be applied with an iron wire. Sulturated potash or liver of sulfur, must be mixed with water, darkens rather slowly. Less expensive than Hil-ox but has an objectionable odor of rotten eggs and the solution Is good only for a goggles should nlways be worn whfle butting. the...

Chain With Twisted Wire Links

A hook and eyelet are soldered to the ends to complete the chain. The three wire hank are made by cutting three pieces of 12 wire to the proper teng ih for the size oi ring. The outside segments are bent and soldered long the center. The shank is bent around the mandrel end the top ends tiled ftat to sil level on the plate. The bezel is formed to fit the stone and soldered onto the plate. A piece of twisted wire is formed and soldered onto the plate around the beiel and trimmed and filed. jfc s...

One Half Round Wire Long Link Chain

This chain Is made from 12 gauge 1 2 round silver wire, wound around a 1 2 Inch copper mandrel. The formed wire is s I Ipped from the mandrel and each link snipped or sawed st the end. A number of links are soldered and then two links are joined by a third link, These sections ot three links each are joined until the chain is j . ot proper J length. This chain is made by winding 18 gauge round wire around a 7 8 Inch mandrel made from a piece of flattened copper tubing. To f I nlsh. a hook is...

The Butterfly Spacer

A piece of silver of 18 gauge thickness Is cul to 1 x 2 Inches and Ihe center marked. The butterfly spacer or bell tilde Is of unknown origin appearing in pictures of Navajo Indians wearing concha belts sometime after 1900. its vertical lines make a striking contrast to the horizontal lines of the oval concha, and presents i V another element to give the artistic Indian VJa mind full play. The female die is stamped Into Ihe front side of the sliver blank, forming a flower-like design. A...

Make A Native American Keto Or Bow Guard

The bowstring guard around he wrist for protection from the snap of the bowstring has been a comoanion to the archer since the invention oLjhe bow_ _____ AH the Indians, but especially the Navajo have used this item as a subject for beautifut decoration since they learned how to work silver. At present archery is almost unknown among Ihe Indians but the Keto has endured and gained great prominence as it is being worn ceremonially in almost all Southwestern Indian dances. Ketos probably lend...

The Silver Band Ring

This bracelet was the type first made by the Navajo Indians of the Southwest tl is one of the simplest bracelets to make and requires only a few tools to complete. It Is attractive and can be worn equally well by both men and women, and is often worn in pairs. It was probably the first type to be set with turquoise and can be set with one or even dozens of stones. This bracelet is basically a strip of 1 gauge silver cut to wrist size. ' M is shaped by '(. trimming off triangles ol silver as...

Zi

A unique hand stamped naja displaying a Iree form cut turquoise. 1975. A turquoise covered necklace ' probably Zuni Indian made about 1920. It has a Navajo made clasp of v unique Wy stamped desr A beautiful sliver squash blossom necklace of the 1940s. A unique hand stamped naja displaying a Iree form cut turquoise. 1975. is unique necklace was originated by the Navajo from three fore elements. The silver beads were evidently evolved from two button halves soldered together to make a bead. The...

The Multiple Stone Ring

The multiple stone ring is essentially Ihe same as Ihe single slqne ring except fhe shank in mast cases should be heavier and sometime wHi be made with a three prong shank rather than two. The mans style ring Is usually larger and heavier than other types of rings and quite Irequenlty the stones are rectangular or square. This Is a broken paring knife which Is a very useful tool to the silversmith. In this case it Is used to spread the shank segments when the shank Is being held in a vise. A...

Silver Casting

Using a torch tor melting he silver In a ceramic crucible. in some molds a piece of line binding wire can be shaped around Ihe design to make the silver thicker and have a more perfect The design is marked on one lace and Itien carved Into the surface. A gate or channel must be cut in both surface to act as a funnel lor the liquid metal. The surface of both molds Is heated and smoked or covered with a layer of carbon or sool. A Naja mold which haB produced a large numbei ol castings. fl The...

Stamping Triangle

Brickstitch Rose Earrings

The problem of stamping a design on triangle wire is solved by cutling a Irian shaped slot with a ha lt in a piece ot railroad Triangle bracelet segments are easily stamped and assembled. The slot should be cut so one face of the triangle wire is flat while stamping, which makes one face vertical. ade and O sioi ady a piece of thin cardboard is cut to pad the ne. Depending ojjbn the thickness ol _ stone, several layers o cardboard can be used tc niake the stone high enough A ring stone should...

The Round Pill

This pillbox is designed around the small button or concha which Is used as 8 top. A piece of 1 a gau ge sitve r sh eet is stamped In a mate and female concha die to make a concha. Scallops are filed outlining the design. A small crescent punch Is used to stamp a design around the ridges. This mandrel was made by pouring some melted white melal or die cast alloy into a piece of 1-3 6 inch gas pipe, 1-3 6 inches deep. The other or wider strip is bent around the mandrel and the ends soldered...

The Motherinlaw Bell

Gauge Bezel Wire

The mother-in-law bell was probably one of the first things Ihe Navajo silversmith learned to make Irom the Mexicans, A mother-in-law beil can be made by cutting a 2-tnch Vmaltese cross shaped piece ol silver from I 24 gauge sheet silver. A serpent on an arrow pin of the early 1920's. After stamping a design on it, bend it into Ihe form of a square bell. The edges are then soldered together. 4 insert a double ring 4 10 hold the bell and ' the tiny clapper. This 1 lt j hook is soldered into...

The Cup Type Earring

Types Indian Hats

Patented spring clip that grabs or pinches the earlobe are soldered onto the backs and the earrings polished. There are several types available at jewelry supply stores. Two sizes are shown here -rHolh of sterling silver. They come in two parts, one to be soldered onto the earring and Tie other, the clip, is to be assembled aher soldering by forcing the two pivot prongs into Jie Holes of the other. More tension or grab can be provided by slightly bending the spring Eece. broad brimmed hat has...

Silver Wire Bracelets

The round wire bracelet Is made by cutting two lengths of 8 gauge round sliver wire and a length of twlaled wire J be about the ,' same diameter yjV of the solid A' wire, A A bezel is made lor the slone and soldered onlo the plate. This is in turn soldered onto the wire bracelet shank, and pickled after each soldering operation. The stone Is set and the bracelet buffed and polished. The side pieces of wire are bent out to fit the size of the stone and the three are soldered together using a...

The Navajo Concha Belt Buckle

A piece of 18 gauge silver sheet is cut 2 inches by 2V .The center is marked and the belt opening marked 1 Inch by inches. Female bicurvate leal-like embossing dies. A hole KS is drilled lo accommodate a jewelers saw blade and a jewelers saw is used to il out the opening for thebal The female is struck first on Ihe face of the buckle and then the - g. male die is punched trom Ihe back forming Ihe embossed design. The buckles on the very y 1 early concha belts were quite small and rather...

The Bellows And Charcoal Soldering Peafod

At this time the only known method or soldering V v jewelry was to heat the abject over burning charcoal J, J and intensifying the heat wtth air from the hand Jfl bellows. This was the period when tools end silver v were scarce. Many of the tool were hand made from pieces of scrap iron recovered from old wagon or harness fittings. Flies were almost a luxury, V The only source of silver was Mexican or American coins and , ' the solder was home made by melting together coins and about 20 o...

The Gasoline Blowtorch Soldering Period

Kaibab Jewelry

During this period the soldering ol Jewelry on the reservation was done by using the gasoline blowtorch. Carved tufa mold ' for casting a buckle Along with this came a variety f - - y. of imported tools to make silversmithtng a lot easier but still a lot of hard work. Ingot molds were available lor casting ' '. bars of silver and hand powered -' j fli mills to roll it into sheet and ' fiLli dies to pull it into wire. There were ffjfC'y also now available many new tools, some of which were...