Step Eight

Repeat Steps 1 -7 with your seccd piece of wire, and your matching earrings are complete.

Kit available $32 00 Bracelet (without pliers). $ 12.00 Earrings (without pliers) Pliers S5.95 each or S 14 95 set of three.

The Bead Shack Queensland Shop J59 Sunshine Plozo, Maroochydore Old 455$ Shop 3 Robino Super Center, Rohina Qld 4230

Ph: 07 5562 2190 Fax 07 5562 2196

Email: info(ri>theheadshack

20 '<w Bcoding


production, they also become o prominent form of adornment and decoration.

Forly Indian beads were made Irom glass •mo! was produced within each bead-making district, while many other countries relied on importing glass from Western countries to recycle for their own uses. This has mode Indian gloss beads a particularly e<isy avenue lor historians to trace the immigration ol early Indian raftsmen and the importation of their technology.

These beads were exported cs 'or as the Philippines and Africa, and have mode up almost two-thirds ol the beads 'hat have been excavated from archaeological sites in rHose areas, dating from IAD to ' 200AD. Ancient Indian glass becds have often been mistaken for Roman trade or influenced beads, but it seems more likely thai Rome established trade connections with the Arikomedu region as it was already a well established eixporl«» of beads. These beads are now referred la 05 'Indo-Poi • fic' beads, a term that specifically describes the drawn and cut beads from this region

The main difference between Indian glass beads and those from other countries, such as Czechoslovakia, Italy and Asia, is the price.

sDIA IS ONE OF THE largusl suppliers of

.•.grid's beads, and has ollan been the »--er m bead-making techniques. Indian • around -1000 years ago pioneered orocess of making hard stone beads, as cgc:e, and the process has changed

- -e since that time. Although the cdvent of :-'ci:y has mode some parts of '.he process f;: r' such as polishing ond grinding, most

- ; ri ¿ead makers still utilise a double tipped r "ond drii! which is powered by a hend-

d'cn glass beads have been around about 2000 yeors, and India bos been «t ::-:• ised as the origin ol gold and silver 'z i beads that were exported all over —•e Aorld. The port city of Arikcrmedu (earlier ■ ': " cs Viraipottinam) was one of the main oroducers ond exporters in India, -"-cec'ogists have recently found furnaces

- ruins or the city thot contain the earliest . -: evidence of the drown and cut method :f DC-making. Bead production in this areo continued uninlerrupled until the 1600s, «eking it the lorgest and longest-lived gloss iustry Before India hod begun making gloss beads, they were making imitation gem t :-•-■> out of glass for use in their jewellery r-: c"-er ornaments Once beads were in

Many people like the 'earthy' feel that Indian glass beads can give to a piece of jewellery; the uneven edges and the not-perfectly-round beads lend themselves to natural fibres and materials such as wood and cotton.

The method of making drown and c.ut heads involves forming c bubble within molten gloss; in the Arikomedu region this was done by-inserting a hollow metal lube into o ball of hot gloss and pulling the glass strand our around it, to form c continuous gloss tube. The tube was then cut into smaller sections to form beads. The bubble trapped within the molten glass then become the hole through the centre of the becd. The edges of the beads were often quite sharp, so the beads were then heated slightly whilst being tumbled amongst obiosive materials.

Modern methods of making glass beads are very similar to those used more then 4000 years ago, with bead factories in India still using the drawn and cut method today, although much more of the procedure is mechanised. Indian glass becd factories ore known to manufacture many different styles of beads of their own crection, as well as imitations of more expensive beads. The styles con include foil-lined beads, Indian lompworked beads and standard glass beads in various shapes and finishes. The quality o' Indian glass beads is generally thought 10 bo lesser than thct of gloss beads from Czechoslovakia, due to the sometimes irregular shaping and the variations in designs on the beads themselves.

indien glass beads are also often covered in a fine ¡oyer of dust, which is known as becd release. This is a ceramic based mnreriol that separates "he metoi roc {or mandrel} from the molten glass, to ensure the beod doesn't fuse to the metal during the beod r: aking process. Some beads may have holes that have been blocked by the ceramic dust as well; this can be removed by washing the beads in clean water, and drying them softly with a tea towel.

Indian lamp worked beads, sometimes known as fancy glass beads, very rarely have exactly the same pattern on them, and are usually of Cesser quality that their Czech or Venetian counterparts. Lippa beads ore also considered fancy beads, and usually hove patterns of roses or evil eyes that lay under the surface of the bead, rather thai on top of the bead ¡ike thct of the lampworksd fancy bead.

Foil-lirted beads con contain either gold or silver foil, encased in glass This gives the bead a rippled, shiny effect radiating from the centre of the head, roil isn't always used as linings for beads, but can be v.ound through the glass in its molten stage to form coils ot sparkle that surround the bead and give il more depth.

Many Indian glass beads feature an A8 (Aurora Borealis) style finish, vnich looks slightly different to the AB coat ng on many

produce beods in bulk quantities, which can sometimes 'ecd to o lapse in attention to the annealing process. The annealing process is an important step to ensure the bead has no underlying faults that may weaken the structure of the bead. The bead is slowly heated to its softest point before melting, which removes any stress in the glass. If this step is not done correctly, the beods may break, which is sometimes the cose with Indian glass beads.

Indian glass beads hove a certain character about them that leaves some people undccidcd about whether they like them ot no?. »Many people like the 'earthy' feel that Indian gloss beads can give to a piece of jewellery; the uneven edges and the not-perfectly-round beads lend themselves to natural fibres ond materials such as wood ana cotton, while the large foil-lined almost-squares in their bold colours beg to be combined with richly coloured ribbons and dainty charms and crystals.

With their long history and wide variety of uses, Indian glass beads remain an interesting and integral ingredient in traditional, experimental and fashionable jewellery moking.

:e:h glass beads, because of the inferior *r shing procedures, and this means the : -ds can sometimes become dull or sc-'-'ched with use or wear

.'any of the factories in India produce cas of more expensive beods, end as -r ond technologies progress, it is getting

- :-cer ro tell them opart unless you really * - y* who? you're looking for. They are

; : ¿ucing beads thot imitate many seroi-

icious stones, such as agate and turquoise, c. .-.ell as imitation coral ond ivory. These x ."ories can also manufacture cheaper o'is of beads produced elsewhere in the

- : • i such as Czech fire-polished crystals :*3 many Venetian style beads as well;

" e moin difference between Indian glass : ; 3s end those from other countries, such

~:echoslovakia, Italy and Asie, 15 the ; v Indian gloss beads are often quite : ■:• :neaper, and this is due to several -t :;:ns, the first being that most of the glass -31a is quite inexpensive and labour is . :".eap - which means bead production . : so reasonably inexpensive. The second =o>on is durability; many bead factories expensive beods.

Indian glass bead factories are known to manufacture many different styles of beads of their own creation, as well as imitations of more

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