Basics

CONDITIONING THREAD

Ccnditiorv-ng straightens and strengthens your thread and also helps it resist fraying and tangling. Pull un waxed nyton threads like Nyrno through either beeswax (not candle wax or paraffin) or Thread Heaven to condition. Beeswax adds tackiness that is useful if you want your bead-work to lit tightly. Thread Heaven adds a state charge tliat causes the thread to repel itself, so it can't be used with doubled thread. All nylon threads stretch, so maintain tension on the thread as yoj condition it.

KNOTS

Working with beading cords and threads like Nymo. Siiarnide. or Fireiine often requires knots for security.

half-hitch knot

Come out a bead and form a loop perpendicular to the thread between beads. Bring the needie under the thread away from the loop. Then go back over the thread and through the loop. Pull gently so the knot doesn't tighten prematu'ely.

lark's head knot

Fold a cord in half and lay it behind a ring, toop. bar. etc. with the fold pointing down. Bring the ends through the ring from back to front, then through the tod. Tighten.

overhand knot

Make a loop and pass the working eixl through it. Pull the ends to tighten the knot.

square knot

1 Cross the left-hard cord over the right-hand cord, and then bring it under the right-hand cord from back to front. Pull it up in front so both ends are facing upward.

2 Cross right over left, forming a loop, and go thrcugh the loop, aga-n from back to front. Pull the ends to tighten the knot.

STOP BEAD

Use a stop bead to secure beads temporarily when you begin stitching. String the stop bead about 6 in. (15cm) from the end of your thread and go back through it in the same direction. If desired, go ihrough it one more time for acded security.

ADDING AND ENDING THREAD

Use one of these two methods to add and end thread.

1 Join the new thread to the old with a surgeon's knot and work it into the beadwork. After completing a row or two. weave the thread tai's into the beadwork.

2 Start a new thread by ty.ng it between beads a lew rows before the point where you need to continue beadng. Weave the new thread to that point, tying two or three half-hitch knots between beacs. After working a row or two. finish off the old thread by weaving it into the new beadwork, tying two or three half-hitch knots between beads.

OPENING AND CLOSING LOOPS AND JUMP RINGS

Because wire gets brittle if it's worked too much, handle it as little as possible.

1 Hold the loop or jump ring with two pairs of chainnose pliers or chainnose and roundfK>se piers, as shown.

2 To open the loop or jump ring, bring the tips of one par of pliers toward you and push the tips of the other pair away.

3 string beads, loops, or other components onto the open jump nng. Reverse the steps to close the open loop or jump ring.

surgeon's knot

Cross the right end over the left and go through the tocp. Go through again. Pull the ends to tighten. Cross the left end over the right and go through once. Pull the ends to tighten.

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WIRE LOOPS

Wire toops are necessary any lime you need to connect wire elements together. II you're new to working with wire, get some inexpensive craft or copper wire tor your first attempts at making toops.

wrapped loop

1 Make sure you have at (east 1in. (3.2cm) of wire above the bead. With the tip of your chainnose p'-iers. grasp the wire directly above the bead. Bend the wire (above the piers) into a right angle.

2 Using rourxinose piers. position the jaws in the berd.

3 Bnng the wire over the top jaw of the roundnose pfers.

4 Reposition the pliers' lower jaw snugly into the loop. Curve the wire downward around the bottom of the rcundnose piers. This s the f-'St ha:-of a wrapped loop h 9

5 Position the chainnose pbers jaws across the loop.

6 Wrap the wire around Hie wire stem, covering the stem between the loop and the tcp of the bead. Trim the excess wire and press the cut end oose to the wraps wth chamnose pliers.

CRIMPING

Crimping, usually used to secure flexible beading wire to a ciasp. is the process of flattening or totting a Crimp bead securety on your stringing materia!. Rattened crimps require only a par of chainnose pbers. white folded crimps requre a pa* of crimping pliers.

flattened crimp

1 Hold the crimp bead us-ng the tip of your chainnose pliers. Squeeze the pliers to flatten the crimp. Tug the clasp to make sure the crimp has a solid gnp on the wire. If the wire slides, remove the crimp bead and repeat tho steps with a new crimp bead.

2 Test that the flattened crimp is secure.

/I 2l folded crimp

1 Position the enmp bead in the notch closest to the crimp ng piers" handle.

2 Separate the v<ires arc fumy squeeze the crimp.

3 Move the crimp into the notch at the pliers' tip and ho« the crimp as shown. Squeeze the crmp bead, folding it in half at the indentation.

4 Test that the folded crimp is secure.

LADDER STITCH

A ladder of seed or bugle beads is most often used to begm brick stitch Of herringbone. Pick up two beads, leaving a 4-in. (10cm) tail. Go through both beads again in tlte same direction Pull the top bead down so the beads are side by side. The thread exits the bottom of the seccod bead ia-b). Pick up a third bead and go back through the second bead from top to bottom. Come back up the thrd bead (b-c).

String a fourth bead. Go through the third bead from bottom to top and the fourth bead from top to bottom (c-d) Continue adding beads until you reach the desired length.

BRICK STITCH

1 Begin each row so no thread shows on the edge: Stnng two beads. Go under the thread between the second and third beads on the ladder from back to front. Pull tight. Go up the second bead added, then down the frst. Come back up the second bead.

2 For the remaining stitches on each row. pick up one bead Pass the needle under the next :oop on the row betow from back to front. Go back up the new bead

EVEN-COUNT FLAT PEYOTE

1 String a stop bead (remove the extra loop and weave the tail into the work after a few rows). Stnrg beads to total an even number. In peyotc stitch, rows

are nestled together and counted diagonally, so these beads actually become the first two rows 2 To begin row 3 (the numbers m the drawings below indicate rows), pick up a bead and st-tch through the second bead from the end. Pick up a bead and go through the fourth bead from the end. Continue in this manner. ErxJ by going through the first bead strung.

3 lo start row 4 and at ether rows, pick up a bead and go through the last bead added on the previous row.

2 and 3. Pick up a bead and go through the second bead of row 3: continue in the same manner.

ODD-COUNT CIRCULAR PEYOTE

Follow steps i and 2 of even-count circular peyote above, but begin with an odd number of beads. Because you started with an odd count, you won't have to step up to the next row: you'll keep spiraling.

TWO-DROP PEYOTE STITCH

Work two-drop peyote stitch just like peyote stitch, but treat every pa r of beads as if it were a single bead. 1 Start with an even number of beads divisible by four. Pick up two beads, skip the first two beads, and go through the next two beads. Repeat across, ending by gong through the last two beads

EVEN-COUNT, CIRCULAR PEYOTE

1 String an even number Of beads to equal the desired circumference. Tie in a circle, leaving some ease. Put the ring over a form if desired.

2 Go through the first bead to the left of the knot. Pick up a bead (»1 of row 3). stop a bead and go through tlie next bead. (Numbers in drawing indicate rows.) Repeat around unw you're back to the start.

2 P>ck up two beads and go through the last two beads added. Repeat across the row. To end. go through the first two beads, added on the previous row. Continue adding rows to reach the desired length.

3 Since you started with an even number of beads, you need to work a 'step up" to be in position for the next row.

Go through the first beads on rows

1

/vj

1

1

1 To start the first row, stnng four beads and tie mto a snug crcte. Pass the needle through the first 3 beads agawi.

2 Pick up three beads (#5.6. and 7) and sew back through the last bead of the previous circle and «5 and 6.

2

* 1

* 2

3 Rck up three beads and sew back through #6 and the first two new beads. Continue adding three beads for each stitch until the fast row is trie desired length. You are sewing circles in a ftgure-8 pattern and alternating direction with each stitch.

4 To begn row 2. sew through the last tlvee beads of the last stitch on row 1. exiting the bead at the edge of one kxigside.

5 Pick up three beads and sew back through the bead you exited in step 4 (the first "top" bead of row t) and the frst new bead, sewing in a clockwise drection.

6 Pick up two beads and sew through Hie next top bead of the row below and the last bead of the previous Stitch. Continue through the two new beads and the next top bead of the row below, sewing counterclockwise.

7 Sewing clockwise, pick up two beads, go through the side bead of the previous stitch, the top bead on the row betow that you exited m step 5. and the first new bead. Keep the thread moving in a figure-8. Pick up two beads for the rest of the row. Don't sew straight lines between stitches.

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SQUARE STITCH

1 String the required number ot beads for the first row. Then string the first bead of the second row and go through the last bead of the first row and tlx) first bead of the second row m tfie same direction. The new bead sits on top of the old bead and the botes are horizontal.

DECREASING SQUARE STITCH

To decrease the number of beads in tl»e next row of square stitch, backtrack tluough the next to-last row, coming out the bead l>elow whore the new row will start. Go Ihrough the bead immediately above on the last row. Now begin Hie new row.

FLAT HERRINGBONE

Sla't with an even number of beads stitched -oto a ladder. Turn the ladder, if necessary, so your thread exits ihe end bead panting up. 1 P>ck up two beads and go down through the next bead on the ladder ;a-b). Come up through the thrd bead on the .ladder, pick up two beads, and 90 down through tlie fourth bead (b-c). Repeat across the ladder.

2 String the second bead of row 2 and go through the next-to-last bead of row 1 Continue through tlie new bead of row 2. Repeat this step for the entire row.

2 To turn, come back up through the second-to-iast bead and continue through the last bead added <n the previous row (a-b). Pick up two beads, go down through the next bead in that row. and come up tluough the next bead ib-c). Repeat across the row.

NDEBELE. TUBULAR

To work tubular Ndebeie. mako a ladder of the desired even number of t>eads (in this case four) and join it into a ring. String two beads and go down the next bead on the row betow (the ladder). Come up the next bead and repeat. There will be two stitches when you've gone down the fourth bead (a-b)

You need to work a "step up* to be in position to start the next row. To (Jo this, come up the bead next to the one your needle is exiting and the first bead of the first stitch (b-c). Continue adding two beads per stitch and stepping up at the end of each round.

8 Tho B«J or ftMdiflorrco

Ndebele Beading Stitch
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Responses

  • sarah
    What is the use of crmpbead beads making?
    2 years ago

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