Thread And Knots

Square knot

Adding thread

To add a thread, sew into the beadwork several rows prior to the point where the last head was added. Sew through the beadwork, following the thread path of the stitch. Tic a few half-hitch knots (sec 1 lalf-hitch knot) between beads, and exit where the last stitch ended.

Conditioning thread

Use cither beeswax or microcrystalline wax (not candle wax or paraffin) or Thread Heaven to condition nylon thread. Wax smooths the nylon fibers and adds tackiness that will stiffen your beadwork slightly. Thread Heaven adds a static charge that causes the thread to repel itself, so don't use it with doubled thread. Stretch the thread, then pull it through the conditioner.

Ending thread

To end a thread, sew back into the beadwork, following the existing thread path and tying two or three half-hitch knots (see Half-hitch knot) between beads as you go. Change directions as you sew so the thread crosses itself. Sew through a few beads after the last knot, and trim the thread.

Half-hitch knot

Pass the needle under the thread between two beads. A loop will form as you pull the thread through. Cross back over the thread between the beads, sew through the loop, and pull gently to draw the knot into the beadwork.

Overhand knot

Make a loop with the thread. Pull the tail through the loop, and tighten.

[1] Cross the left-hand end of the thread over the right, and bring it under and back up.

[2] Cross the end that is now on the right over the left, go through the loop, and pull both ends to tighten.

Square knot - concealed

[1] Start with the thread that is exiting the bead in which you'll conceal the knot.

[2] Cross the right end over, then under, the left end. Cross the left end over, then under the right end.

back through the bead. Pull the knot inside the bead. Tighten.

Stop bead

Use a stop bead to secure C^fy-" beads temporarily when you begin stitching. Choose a bead that is distinctly different from the beads in your project. String the stop bead, and sew through it again in the same direction. If desired, sew through it one more time for added security.

Whip stitch

To join two layers of fabric with a finished edge, exit one layer. Cross over the edge

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