So 92 91

Dommces NecWacfl und Earrings 98

Mahjongg TJe Necxace ftehjorcjg Tde Brooch

Chapter 9: Buttons and Coins

Peari-and GoW Butter, Necklace

Chinese Coin Neddace Gaiety —

Chapter 10: Shells and Other Natural Thoigs

Beaded Gourd Necktace

Crystal Point Nedilace Leather Pouch NecMacs Gallery

Contributors About the Author

Most crafts require some >rn<ic tools and materials, and bending i.< certainly no exception. Thischaptcr will cover those basic materials. You will not use all of these on every project, but if you do a lot of beading, you will ewntually use most of them. If finances are a concern, buy what )Vti need when yon need 11 and tuld to your tools and materials as you (an It won'r take long to find you have more stuff than you have room to store.

Found Objects

You can use |ust about anythrg as jwsiry as 'erg as it reels a tew paramoas. Size, Wright and tagWy are rpoTant factors to ccrskler Avoid sharp edges. ».tost ol the things » constfcr can be ivdged by using common sense. Something that mght work tcr a necttace ngfc not be suitable Icr a bracelet becaw» the ¡teo *xxt<3 bo mo-e prone to gwng knocked about Its moe H your object has a (Die .n fi. but a hcte is no» «ssentai «or mafcng ;«waby oat ol an rtom

TNi most basic matgrial nee(»l »ten mailing twased Jeweiiy is. cl ccuse. beads Since most ¡»Ms a-c imported and many come Item small iacxirtes. it is a mo idea to buy more beads than you ttwfc you wil need Iw any pxject. Thore is otteft a vast diferen» n dyn lots even Tiougt» a beaa may have ire same rcnaftr or ccto descriptor. The sama colors also vary greaty frcn one manufacturer to the nee. Oiler, boads are nvaiulactursd rof a very short time, and you wfl w.cr find trem ¿aim & course, those same beads may sto* ip marry years later being seta as .mla^ beak

x-td Beads r =:s are very $r-.il I.<e idsds-lcf« their name The too :r9C Deads I recommend Iw bead weaving are Czech and They are owe unfarm in <i:e than those frcn olhw With a lew «captions, the seed twacfc used n lins bock i * jtznese. They have l3njy hote tn bc«J weawrg is often .pass throujjh ?w bead mityfe times.

Tree V* a number ol sires o1 seed oe3cs used .n this took -6'. 8'. 11s. and 14 Se*J beads a-e wed by a number \yi*i an * symbes bshnj it or sometimes wei a "V bebrd the number That symto stands tor "cught' and ccmes hen an oW way o" numbering beads. Just rerr»?-Qer that tie larger the amber. ne smaller iw bead

Finishes i • o= rang» 0« Irishes cn oeacs, a*»d rrcre are twrg : ne time These Irishes are used on t**1s ailw than seed beads. The fo&mring list e a on« reference to the most commcn bead Irishes.

Matter tw Hull fmoh On »Ikic bndi .•> mi J: t'i clilimt i* tum'Jinf.

j color iKm n mnah dittom.- from the ill«

io!.h pjintoi inwlt Ok hok»

I mi«r luitrr Bead« with < baMfuraM. cofc«d uuling on Ihcra. Tlx flnbh u oftr» tailed I t*adt »llh a Uvri lining Cfjloa Prirl arc r-^dt irji B . .iir i|iiiw btlfju anJ ilmrr. bat

: u Out i Ik uhn mi> inmih m SulW-di«fc JTikvh ukd on a! von of beid* m nr »Ac llic difficult loixi Ilk.' purpk arvi [Xnt:

TtiO trim cm «oaf off 01 Ink nu line-. IKi OA u>c iho* twad» on My pfoni tKii willtr worn M lundlrd a k<

,\»mra hotcaln I ABl or IriJiKcnt: Tlx v.- bodi hivT > pttminnil riink-M «.ixiJ CniJi.

C.il»4iii;rJ nuulUi: Th.- .mulSt coiluii; ibfX Ixjtii » my Ikin in.I wilt «di olt in timt Etoiwluiirtur Sfan^luiy. ilur wil IxtundMni wirn

MaUd OMMUlc ao.1. w/h a (ortal pirflnj no thrm. rbf> nt.un lhrir <nkn »dl and »rc cijyntnt

: .cc-ies arc »els are usclul lo have avafateSwivon you sre ready to make thai

As with beads, »ten ¡1 ccrr*-, to buying lindngs. »reads. ano resales. try » have i - an you think you wil new) because >ou win '.rd yewrsefl changng things.

Findings is the »ti generafy wed lor al *>e hardwire needed lo ftmsii a pece ot jene- ry. Fncings ccrre base ar»j preocus rnotalt Yco wil need scrro ol the Iclttwmg basic ■ tings before ycu sari.

Bejd lip: IWd Jl I be atlit o< bead Krjndi monir «0 hi.lt ihe l/oi 11 pni« hi.nnmV.-J/ <l<nuMl lipt thai dote aiuund *Cna kMC to IIIJt II fiwrj (»)

dup! A ikwiie tml 10 xrtn iht end» ol lhe pit« of k»«Iiy K*tli»t.

Crimp bo*l: SoulL tee metil head n literor jnB color wJ ol »»-vioj ..ir ihM w winrjvJ .nuiJ (tit Mre to hold the «Jaod lo j dup 01 othct pat I oi Ihf Kwrtry.

Lairing feadinp: Come In 4 wrlflyoi dlflfl|luritn>u <r mm, ball and pMt. «r>J ihp- Hoop» ur

«jllihle «0 «null lo it« itndir^i « wrll r.it pin: Km Ilul |U4 an rfi illeaiY nowd on env rv.t «ad irfirn uw<3 to lull WO lltilif.. lugftlu-.-Ilr/d% can be lhi«jd<d co. jnd lhe fto u lbcn cw and .1 Vxip o nude in lite .aVt md.

Hi»d pin: long. «lafehl pin mill a (111 htid 00 oor »nil 1 «Mi/Jil pin wrth:»« « point BeJili cam he '.hir».rJ on them, die pin u thea cut to the corrto Imph, i-ul 1 i> ■ ..nwd in ilu end mi Ihry 0» he hunj.

lump finp Xtii rtni ol wile, vunl in initl_"wvrv unl 10 »in pirn or a • ur ul iewli» K0.1I111.

Pw hhit: Alta^hal 1» till bilk oii yttte U> mile a btcmh. Ihry rant in diQetnil Iragrtii

Splii rinp lluoblc jump ¡to/ ilul l«*i Uk.c .1 vtr» up; ipni»; .iml vni 1101 n<ii »?mi il to™ em X

Si rand >paeer: Bai ailh a muni«/ of hole» In II uio310 boVJ lie ilrtndt apart wl-«u a pide it <«oi&

Needles

Ycu can use neetfe »bead with sftat wfl go fi-cog*« your bead However, a heavter neecte is nee wtwn ycu are «ringing larger beads wen lyge*- tafcs. a-*J II ycu a-o going to do bead weavrg or use- smaifer t»3as. you wil dr-nieiy want to buy beadtag needos.

Beading: Thinner and longei (ban regular sewing needles» ranging from si* 10 to si/e ¡2, with 22 being ihe thinnest The we numbers loosely refer to the iitr of beads lliat they will pass through They also come in dliferent lengths. Because bead needles ;ire so thin, they bend easily. Keep a number on hand.

Sharp« Short, sharp pointed needles used for held embroidery that arc also useful for doing cabochon beading on leather.

Tapestry: Blunt pointed needle* used for counted cmbtoidery 'lut are also useful for «tringing bigger beads.

Wire beading; Fine, twisted wire needles with a loop where the eye should be that are wed for thicker thread* like silk knotting cord.

Threads and Stringing Materials

Different Sveads have Oillereni strength anj that s an important fcwo* in choosing the *jnd ol ll-read >ou us« fty beadog Yew want the sffon^est itiread you can use to g«! the efccl you desire.

Braided filament: Made w up of multiple filaments ^^

braided together into an ^T

exceptionally strong thread. Comes in several diameters, ha» almost no stretch, resists abrasion, and is difficult to cut with regular scissors (use blade scissors instead . It is also 100 percent water-resistant and will not rot in water like oilier threads. It dors not come in a lot of colors, but can be colored with permanent marking pens.

Krvlar: Inciedibly strong thread that is used in making bulletproof vest». It k natuially yellow and can be du-d darker with

regular fabric dyes.

Memory wire: A rigid, ptv-coiled steel wire that remembers its coiled stupe. It comes in necklace, bracelet, and ring sizes.

Nymo: Probably the most common thread used for beading. It is nude of non-twisted bonded nylon filaments, resists mildew, and doesn't rot. It comes in a variety

Krvlar: Inciedibly strong thread that is used in making bulletproof vest». It k natuially yellow and can be du-d darker with

ot thicknesses and colors and ionics in traes designated by letters OCX O, B. and D, with CX being the thinnest ami D the thickest. It docs stretdi a little, so it is w ise to give your piece oi thread a gentle pull to reroosv part of the stretc Mote Marling to l>ead with il

Silainide: A twisted nylon tailoring thread with a waxy t'cel tliat is Widely used tor bead weaving. It comes in a variety of colors. In thickness, it is similar to NymoO.

Stringing wire: Usually made up of a number of strands of evtremcly fine wire that are twisted together and then coaled with a plastic film ; prevent tarnishing. The* wires svork wvll for stringing bigger beads and on« that has* ahar? edges that might cut nylon or silk threads.

Thread conditioner: A beeswax product used on thread to keep el Irons tangling

- :t ws thai all headers shook! na-»«. Buy the test cualty teas you can : jie tnem correctly. Gccd tocls are usually can* to us«, break less often.

iiding fulcr that ajlawi c civ measure the si« of ; \ - iikJ millimeters. It k

I «■« :>ut fAn be quite helpful pdi»h: A ceramic, plastic, or •r set of triangle did>c.i r :-.-Ji into to keep them : t-. vi u work. Some ' - s: j piece of fell, suede, e'". orWux™ to tb on. The tough r of these - - keeps the beads I -mj around te pliers: 11.« wider, smooth d,> not taper down to sharp Used for bending wire ai

Car r pliers: Designed tpeclficaliy for : - professional job of attaching Scads. It works in a two-step i whereby the brad is fust crimped I the wire and tlx-« folded over irj,-» n:o itself,

Needle nose pliers: looks like a semicircle from the end aisd h*} jam thai ire long and tapered to a blunt point.

Round nose ptierK I Us smooth, round r-iws that taper to fine points. Used lor nuking wtte loops, like in the ends of hr.id and est pins.

Scissors: Used lor cutting thread

Split ring pliers: LVesgned to be uied with split rings, they separate the rillgs to make it cosier to attach to your item.

Tool or storage Im».\: A container to keep your work in. Although a personal decision. the fishing tackle section of many stores provides a wide variety of portable Horace solutions

Wire cutter. Looks like a pair of pliers but is specifically used for cutting wire Use one of these when using, stringing wire.

Glue

- - mah glues used on these projects are slxwn in the Dhcto and no my lavortles. • i-e. hesvm«?. just ttiree glues ol many ttal are available.

Wiri-T«"*» L ied to attach leather to leather.

Gem-Tat '": I '%ed for attaching stones and metal pieces to leather and other jutlacci

1 Fl* Industrial Adhesive: Used to adhere metal bill» on the end of memory •« and metal parls together.

Work Area

Wfitt« a bead at« closes lo wart*« a parscna! presence. I werk in my fj«x>-iis roöong dur h Hie Ir.irg rcom wtft a pitowbctomed lap Ira-, tar a work surtax I Mm) a KgW drecäy cveneati am) a magniying iarrp cn Tie tab* besö9 me Others choose in work x a tab'e or counter and sail ottos haw a cUjdo

No matter »tee you cfoose Ic work, there are a lew thrijs you do need » be contoftasto First, !nd a conlomote chair. feck suppcl a essential as beodng ever white beadrg can be very stressIU to you back irusctw—not to mention your be con muscte Secondly. ertsu-e cüoü light No iMNm >t»j-ape- a magnifying glass car be eirorrey usefJ at times. Fraty, a comfcrtabte work surtoe rounds «/the list.

Beading Tips and Techniques

My beading educaton mostly cane Iron books When I started beadrtg, there were lew classes being gi*en where I Ive A numbor ol tnroi were ntx oo.«ed r books—Ike iriahng erdi nicety ard good knob lo use Tre following ye tps I have learned csewwe or made up on my cwrv Yoj may find them useful

Threading Your Needle

H you have a (xotiem :nri¥Kjr»] your neede dampen the end at the thread ard smooth i between your thornd ard ndex lingemars. B wit spread out sightly and got aide sinner so ( can pass through fcu eys easier. The dose« you hod the thread lo its end. the ease: it is lo insert into fre need'e-

Where there are references lo r.nj'o thread yc<j needle,* y«j v ,ut use one strand ot thread •Dojbtetrreadng' means to pjl '.no thread thresh the neede until tho itread ends meet, ard Ihe n*vj»e is centered.

Changing Threads

In bead weav.rg sooner cr later you wll run out of thread ft) yw •:-1 m- ,>±- r the mtte ot .5 p'O.u.t ».rout it t»ra ncftoenr mrtjte of yar work. My tavonle way lo add a new thread is to use The rw&ucfons are detailed on Ihe taorg page, a weavers knot. «you 5« proitient at using this knot yco an er's Knot m-. - -; -'01 m very *N»cave way to join two 9*e«fe togetnc* n the middle o* a project

^ Bring end B down and hold it with end A. Pull D light. nuking uire ymi Iwe pulled A down to where you want the knot Thb knot dipt through most teed Iwadi and IkiUU »cry well without being glued.

Id-ring to Figure I I, A is the end a •id thread and B ii the end of . - thread Cm« theni and hold thumb ami forefinger at D is the new thread.

_ D around and over A, up ^•vi- B, and <j»*t A again. ii ihown

F TVn turn A down over D, ovet the KjV Trad B. ami through the loop r ' D. OS »how ii In Figure 1-3.

C":rhand Knot

5 Whm you have tied on the new thread, weave the o4d end back through the work. I<ing *ure to ue an overhand knoi after a few bead».

Fprrl-3

Fprrl-3

r-i vets are used most often to weave in iread ercJs

■ < i »mall Mitch over a thread between two bead» in

-«l and pull live thread through until you have iu»l a - vp uf thread left.

>•• - nr n<\-tllc ihiuugh the loop. .•• -n in Figure 1-4. and

>•• - nr n<\-tllc ihiuugh the loop. .•• -n in Figure 1-4. and

4APPly " >erv »mall amount ol glue to the thread clo*e to lite knot and |iau through a few more twmi«.

5 »"ull the thread tightly and cut otT tlie ctteu thread vU»e to >i bead.

Squire Knot

■ c< s a good Knot lot wring threads and can also tw used lo charge threat» in the mxJClt» & a piece jfc-.- the thread in vour right dc over the thread in your left — iniand, and through to tie 11 >t jnhown in Figure I-5. '-5

ii- the thread that» now in your left hand over the a. : :n sour right hand, nmund, and through to tie ■r .-r knot, as ihown in Figure I-6.

I raking a Bead

Put a »mall amount of glue on the knot to make sure it itavs iecure.

¿ i i < you »11 gel a bead in ne wrcrg spot. If t. 6 a seed tead. it's usoaly easier to freak the : ra- to tear out your work. You wan: to be very' careU when breaking a Bead Itioogh. If you : - • i-c attempt» smash it. you »if break ne Breac To avod thread breaks, try the (atoning

V :en the thread over your finger to rbr.ii pops up away from the thread.

the bead with the middle of your - perpendicular to the hole and i e the thread.

3 Turn your face away and tquccve the plier» until the bead breakv

I IrtUlty ll'Ai iKHii (Wit a wjyitw«!« J Or t tomt to r>ir»j qu»

II you irujt kjoi.tesi« tone* pKHectKeyegw CiUss :n rc tft a not tiri

Using a Stop Bead

A slop bead s oed on ciose lo the end of your ivead lo keep be acts from sJippng ci Iho »wad. Snp'y be it on wit) a Ktf-Viot so that h can easfy be «dm later Ybu a»" »mow neteaflaro us« the thread to tmti yotr project.

Ending a Strand

I h?«« tneo a rumbet ot ways » end my beaded siranos so thtry ail look professional I find that he Wl»ing nethcos work best for me

| If you use head v»-irr tor ix>ur strand, end thai strand by threading on a crimp bead, then passing through your clasp or jump/split ring. J ml back through the crimp brad into your bend strand. Be sure to pull the wire mug.

y»»f 'rimp pliers. bend the crimp bead lightly around the wire to secure.

3 Work Hire through the beading for about'/C und trim the end so it it. hidden in the bead*.

Option 4 (My Favorite)

J Pas* the thread through the crimp bead and lie seseral square knot* around the crimp bead.

2 Take the thread through the bottom bole of the danuheil bead tip, as show n in Figure 1-7 to begin necklace.

Option 5

| When tuing heavier thread/bead wire, thread on a crimp bead before threading on the clamshell liead tip.

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