Info

Wires: one 14-gauge for stem or three 16-gauge for flower; one

16-gauge for bud: 26-gauge spool for all parts

Flower Petals

Unit I. Make 27—5 for the hud, and 22 for the flower. Crimp the open end of the beaded spool wire and push W2" of beads to the crimped end of the wire. Four inches from the crimped end of the wire, make 3 continuous beaded loops, measuring 1" of beads for each loop. Push \ Vi" of beads to the base of loop 3, and push the original Wi" of beads to the base of loop I. Twist the bare wires together at the opposite end of the double row of 1 Vi" of beads and cut away the crimped end. Fig. 38.

Unit 2. Make 6. Crimp the open end of the beaded spool wire. Five inches from the crimped end, make I I continuous loops, measuring 1" of beads for each loop. Keep the loops straight across the bottom and Vnlh of an inch apart at the base. Fig. 39. Bring both end wires together under the middle loop (the 6th), and 1/3rd of an inch below it. Twist both wires together for Va".

Bring beaded wire up to the base of loop 6 to crcate the first beaded row. Pass between the bottom of loops 5 and 6 with bare wire, cross to the left of loop 6, and forward between loops 6 and 7 with bare wire, then bead down to the bottom of the 1st beaded row. thus making the 2nd row of beads. Create a I bead point and wrap bare wire around the bottom bare wire at the base of the 2 rows of beads. Bead up the right side of the 1st row of beads, thus creating a 3rd row of beads. Pass to the back between the bottom of loops 6 and 5. with bare wire, cross bare wire to the right of loop 5. and forward between loops 5 and 4 with bare wire. Bring beaded wire down the right side and to the bottom of the 3rd row of beads, thus creating a 4th row of beads. Wrap bare spool wire around the wire at the base of the 4 rows of beads, creating a I-bead point. Bring beaded wire up the left side of the 4 rows of beads, thus creating a 5th row of beads. Pass to the back, and between the bottom of loops 7 and 8, with bare wire, cross to the left of the 8th loop and forward between loops 8 and 9. Bring beaded wire down the left side of the 5th row of beads, thus making the 6th row of beads. Create a I-bead point and wrap bare spool wire around the bottom wire. Bead up the right side of the 6 rows of beads, thus creating the 7th row of beads. Pass to the back between loops 5 and 4 with bare wire, to the right of loop 4 and forward between loops

4 and 3. Bring beaded wire down the right side of the 7 rows of beads, create a I-bead point, and wrap bare wire around the bottom wire. Bead up the left side of the 8th row of beads, thus creating the 9th row of beads. Pass to the back between loops 8 and 9, to the left of the 9th loop and forward between loops 9 and 10 with bare wire. Bring beaded wire down the left side of the 9 rows of beads, thus creating ihe 10th row of beads. Create a I-bead point and wrap spool wire around the bottom wire. Bring beaded wire up the right side of the 10 rows of beads, thus creating the 11th row of beads. Pass to the back and between loops 3 and 2, cross to the right of loop 2. and forward between loops 2 and I with bare wire, then bring beaded wire down the right side of the I 1th row of beads, thus creating the 12th row of beads. Make a I-bead point and wrap spool wire around the bottom wire. Bead up the left side of the 12 rows of beads, pass to the back between loops 9 and 10, forward between loops 10 and II. thus creating the 13th row of beads. Bring beaded wire down the left side of the 13 rows of beads, thus creating the 14th row of beads. Make a I-bead point, twist both wires together for the length of the original bottom wire, and cut the wire from the spool. Fig. 40.

Flower Calyx

Make 9 continuous 3-row crossover loops, measuring 3" of beads for the initial loop. Skip lace V* of the way up from the bottom. Fig. 16. Close the calyx by folding il in half, wrong side in. and twisting the lacing wires together for Vi". Cut away all but Va" of the lacing wires, and tuck them in. Let the bottom wires hang free. Make I for each flower, in green.

Ittul Calyx

Make 7 continuous 3-row crossover loops, measuring 2Vi" of beads for the initial loop. Lace and close the same way as for the flower calyx. Make 1 for each bud, in green.

Leaves

Basic: 2V2". pointed top. round bottom, 7 rows.

Cut open the basic loop at the bottom of the loop. Allow 2"

Fig. 40

of bare spool wire and cut the wire from the spool. Cover the combined bottom wires with tape. Lace each leaf individually once through the middle, right sides up. Make 10(6 for the flower and 4 for the bud), in green.

Assembly of Flower

Cut and tape a 14-gauge wire (or 3 16-gauge wires taped together, side by side). Combine the bottom wires of 5 Unit I's by taping them together. With tape, attach the stem wire close to the base of the beading of the combined 5 Unit I's. Attach a long piece of 30- or 32-gauge lacing wire to the base of the 5 units, wrapping 3 or 4 times, tightly. Add the remaining 17 of Unit 1 around the base of the first 5. wrapping the wire twice, tightly, with each addition. Add the 6 petals of Unit 2 in the same way, around the base of the 22 of Unit 1. When all of the units have been added, thin out the wires no longer than 2", and cover the wires with tape. Insert the opposite end of the flower stem into the center of the flower calyx. Push the flower calyx up close to the base of the flower, and tape the wires to secure the calyx.

Three inches from the base of the flower, tape on a pair of leaves, directly opposite one another, right sides up. Tape down the stem for 2" and add a second pair of leaves. Tape down the stem another 2" and tape on the 3rd pair of leaves, then tape to the bottom of the stem.

Assembly of liml

Tape a piece of 16-gauge stem wire 10" in length. To the top of the stem wire, tape on the remaining 5 petals of Unit I. Insert the opposite end of the stem wire into the center of the bud calyx. Push the calyx up to the base »if the bud and tape the calyx wires to the stem wire.

Two inches below the base of the bud. tape on a pair of leaves, directly opposite each other, right sides up. Two inches below the first pair, tape on a second pair in the same way, and tape to the bottom of the stem. Tape the bud stem to the flower stem 1" below the lowest pair of leaves. Bend the flower head and the bud head forward and curl the leaves as shown in the photograph.

3"?' x 3'4 See also color plate 19.

CASTOR HEAN LEAVES (Ricinus communis)

The castor-oil plant is a native of Africa and its striking foliage is handsome, not only because of its unusual 9-fingcred pattern, but because of the various colorings which change during its growth. The young leaves are a deep garnet, changing from green to brown to beige as they mature and increase in size.

Materials far one

Heads: 4Vz strands for each group of 9 leaves Wire: 26- or 28-gauge spool Tape: Brown or twig

All leaves have pointed tops and round bottoms

Unit I. Basic: 10 beads. 5 rows. Make 2 for each leaf.

Unit 2. Basic: 10 beads. 7 rows. Make 2 for each leaf.

Unit 3. Basic: 15 beads. 7 rows. Make 2 for each leaf.

Unit 4. Basic: 15 beads. 9 rows. Make 3 for each leaf.

Reduce all bottom wires to 2. Trim off the top basic wires to Va"

and turn down the wrong side. Cover the bottom wires with Vz-width brow n or twig tape.

Asseml>ly of Leaf

Part 1. Stack the individual leaves in the following order: one unit

1 on top of one unit 2. these 2 on lop of one unit 3, these 3 on top of one unit 4. Have the bottoms even, twist the bottom wires together

2 or 3 limes to hold them, and form them into a half circle. Part 2. Slack the same as for Part I. but place 2 unit 4's on the bottom, thus using the 3rd unit 4. Twist the bottom wires together and form into a half circle. For Part I. swing the top leaves to the right, and for Part 2. swing the lop leaves to the left. Fig. 41.

Combine the two parts by having cacli corresponding size opposite each other; unit 1 opposite unit I. unit 2 opposite unit 2. etc.,.and tape the combined wires to a short piece of taped 16- or I8-gauge stem wire to reinforce.

Flower, ivy in diameter See also color olate 5

CURYS.4NTHEMUM—Button Type

Smaller than the cushion chrysanthemums, these button "mums" are simple to construct, and make an excellent filler for all types of arrangements.

Materials for one

Beads: 5 strands for flower; 5 strands for leaves Wires: 26- or 28-gauge spool: 16-gauge for stems

Flairer

Allow 3" of bare wire at both ends of each unit.

Unit 1. Make 7 continuous 4-row crossover loops, measuring I" of heads for the initial loop. Make 1.

Unit 2. Make 7 continuous 4-row crossover loops, measuring 2Va" of beads for the initial loop. Make I.

Unit 3. Make 10 continuous 4-row crossover loops, measuring 234" of beads for the initial loop. Make I.

Assembly

Follow the Cushion Mum directions for the pattern for leaves and the assembly.

The extra large chrysanthemum, shown in Color Plate 19 with the peacock feathers, is almost twice as large as the ordinary variety. It is particularly attractive when it is made in two colors because the petals appear to be two-shaded. Butterscotch and brown, pumpkin and bittersweet. light and dark red. lavender and purple are all excellent combinations.

Materials far our

Heads: 4 bunches light. 4 bunches dark beads; I bunch green Wires: 26-gauge spool: one 14- or four 16-gauge for stem: two 16-gniige stem for leaves

There are 8 units to cach flower, and all but the first 2 arc made with four-row crossover loops. Allow 3" of bare wire at the beginning and the end of all units.

riowei. ' in diameter. See also color plate 19

CHRYSANTHEMUM (Football '•mum")

Flower

Unit J. Make 3 continuous loops measuring I Vi" of beads for each loop. Make I.

Unit 2. Make 10 continuous loops measuring 2 Va" of beads for each loop. Make I.

Unit 3. Units 3 through 8 require quite a few loops, and they are easier to manage if the number of loops required are divided into two par's. We will set the pattern in Unit 3. and you can apply the same technique to Units 4, 5, 6. 7 and 8.

Unit 3 calls for 12 continuous four-row crossover loops, measuring 3" of beads for the initial loop, then beading up the front of the loop, and down the back. (See General Instructions chapter on Crossovers.) If you work six four-row crossover loops, cut the wire from the spool, repeat it one more time, and join the 2 sections together, you will have accomplished the same thing, and the unit is easier to manipulate. Join the two sections by placing one on top of the other, loops up. wires down, then twisting the pairs of wires together. Unfold the loops into a circle of 12 four-row crossover petals. Unit 4. 14 continuous four-row crossover loops, measuring 33A" of beads for the initial loop before the crossover. Divide the unit into two sections of 7 crossover loops each, and join them. Make I. Unit 5. 16 continuous four-row crossover loops, measuring AVz" of beads for the initial loop before the crossover. Divide it and make 2 sections of 8 four-row crossover loops, and join them. Make Units I, 2, 3. 4 and 5 all in one color. It can be either the lighter or the darker color, as long as the units are the same. Unit 6. 20 continuous four-row crossover loops, measuring 514" of beads for each initial loop before the crossover. Divide it and make 2 sections of 10 crossover loops each, and join them. Make 2. one in the light color, and one in the dark.

Unit 7. 20 continuous four-row crossover loops, measuring 5'/2" of heads for the initial loop. Divide, and make 2 sections of 10 each and join them. Make one Unit 7 in the lighter shade and one in the darker.

Unit8. 22 continuous loops (four-row crossover), measuring 6" of beads for the initial loop. Divide it. make 2 sections of I 1 loops each and join them. Make I in the lighter shade and 1 in the darker.

Flatter Cnlyx in green

Basic: 12 beads, round top, round bottom. 12 rows. Make I for each (lower.

After executing the second row. insert a round pencil in between the 2 rows of beads to shape them into a circle. Fig. 42. Continue wrapping beads around the circle until you have completed 12 rows in all. Because the pattern calls for an even number of rows, you will finish at the top. where the single wire is. Cut the wire from the spool, leaving only 2", cut open the basic loop at the bottom of the loop and twist both pairs of wires together. Bring both pair through the open circle in the middle, from the wrong side to the right side of the calyx. Make I for each flower.

Assembly iif Flower

Place Unit 1 into the center of Unit 2, and twist both sets of wires together lightly. Insert the combined Units I and 2 into the center of Unit 3 and twist the wires together. Inserl the combined Units of I. 2. and 3 into the center of Unit 4, and twist the wires. Continue in this manner until all but the 2nd Unit 8 has been added. This unit should be laced. It will make the entire flower firmer.

To lace the second Unit 8, cut a 12" piece of lacing wire (30-or 32-gauge) and thread it into a large darning needle. Willi a running stitch, go under 2 rows at a lime. 1" up from the bottom of the loops. Sew all the way around Ihe unit. When the sewing is finished, remove the needle, and pull the lacing wires together, cut off all bui Vi" and tuck the Vi" of twisted wire inside the unit. Insert the combined units of the flower into the center of the second Unit 8 and twist all wires together. Cup all of the loops of Units I, 2. 3, 4, 5. and 6 toward the center of the flower to form a semi-ball. Curl Ihe loops of the remaining units out and back.

This is a very heavy flower and will need a strong stem wire to support it. Use either I 14-gauge or 4 16-gauge wires taped individually, then taped together, side by side. Cut ihe 16-gauge wires lo the desired length before combining litem. Insert one end of the stem wire into the base of the flower as far as it will go. Tape on, very securely. Inserl the other end of the stem wire into the center of the calyx. Push ihe calyx up to'the base of ihe flower as far as it will go. and tape the calyx wires to the flower stem.

If you wish to use this flower in an arrangement with other flowers, it will need leaves. Follow the pattern for the Spoon Mum leaves. Make 6 for each flower.

Cut two pieces of 16-gauge stem wires 9" long for the leaves, and tape them. To the lop of each wire, tape a leaf. Show I" of stem on each leaf. Tape down the stem for I V2" and tape on another leaf on the left side of the stem. Tape down another I W and tape on a 3rd leaf on the right side of the stem. Make 2 sprays of 3 leaves each.

Six inches from the base of the flower, on the left side of the flower stem, tape on one spray of leaves. Tape down the stem for another 2" and add the 2nd spray of leaves on the right side of the flower stem.

coy SOLE LAMPS

The console lamps can be used as wall sconces, electrified or not. and there is no end to the possibilities regarding shape and size. The ones shown here, and the smaller boudoir lamps in Color Plate 21 both use the same flower as decorations, plus extra petals all around the frame. Both pairs are made with V4" satin bugle beads, but regular 11° beads are just as effective.

The frames of the lamps are shaped by hand and are made in 2 sections, then combined with masking tape. The large pair used 4 pieces of taped 14-gauge wire (2 pieces for each frame), 35" long and shaped as in Fig. 43. then taped together as indicated. A wire hanger can be straightened and rebent also.

Material* for one lump

Beads: 10 bunches

Wire: 26- or 28-gaugc spool

Frame Petals

There are 52 petals around the edge of each large frame, spaced about V2" apart.

Fig. 43

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